Gingivoplasty, often known as a gum graft, is a surgical procedure to alter the shape, size, or position of the gums for:
– an enhancement of beauty;
-compensating for the tissue deficiency;
– the return of regular function.
Different gum graft treatments, such as gum augmentation or excision, are employed in the case of soft tissue abnormalities with the purpose of rectifying a specific problem.
In addition, the patient will be able to forget about tooth sensitivity, shyness, and other difficulties following the operation because the gum graft process is quick and can be done by the periodontist under local or total anesthesia.
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Indications for gum graft surgery
The following circumstances are illustrated with the procedure:
It’s crucial to start treatment with the periodontist as soon as the appropriate indications are found.
Contraindications for gum graft surgery
There are two categories of contraindications:
The procedure is only suggested in the presence of direct indications and after relative contraindications have been eliminated.
Getting ready for the gum graft operation
It could be necessary to pass some tests and have additional testing done before having a gum graft, including ECG, complete blood count, coagulogram (used to determine blood coagulation), HIV tests, sugar level, Rh factor, and others. Before the procedure, the patient must inform the periodontist of any health issues, intolerances, and pharmaceutical allergies.
How does gum graft surgery work?
In order to add the appropriate amount of gum in specific locations, the doctor must first inspect the patient’s oral cavity and soft tissue and take an x-ray to diagnose a complete image of the condition of the tooth and bone level.
A tentative treatment plan and potential outcomes from the procedure are presented to the patient by the doctor after a thorough diagnosis.
A gum graft is the following stage. There are numerous options for performing this treatment (depending on the approach the doctor decides upon, in light of the indications), but the fundamental aspect of plastic surgery is the sewing of a gum flap or collagen matrix
onto a particular place in which there is insufficient gum level. You can either raise your gum to the proper level or take the flap from the sky. You must refrain from exercise and alcohol use for roughly a week following the procedure.
Adhering to the doctor’s advice and prescriptions, as well as scheduling routine checkups to monitor and maintain a positive result, are all critical components of the entire treatment process.
Recovery after gum graft surgery
If you adhere to the accepted advice, the recuperation phase is not extremely challenging:
– Steer clear of foods that are hot, spicy, or hard;
– Limit your exercise;
– Prevent harm to the operated region when doing hygienic cleaning.
-Avoid drinking alcohol or smoking, use prescription medications, use antiseptic products, and practice good hygiene.
A trip to the doctor needs to be made right once if there is an increase in temperature, swelling that seems to be developing, an unpleasant odor, or soreness.
By placing collagen implants in the region of gum recession, conservative treatment is possible in the early phases of disease development. In this instance, the mucosa is not incised and stitched. Thread loops are used to fasten the material.
Following surgery, drug therapy may be recommended alone or in combination.
Gum graft during implantation
Flap surgery is used to accomplish a technique known as a gum graft with implantation. For this, tissues from the patient’s palate are frequently employed. If these are insufficient, the implantologist subsequently employs a synthetic substance based on collagen.
For the procedure, a local anesthetic is sufficient. Its length and complexity are determined by how much gum tissue has been lost. So, the sooner you seek out a professional, the simpler it will be to resolve the issue.
Cosmetic dental gum graft surgery following implantation
Even after implantation, plastic surgery can be performed. A former is fitted after a particular cut is made in the location of the titanium pin implantation. Depending on the patient’s health, the postoperative sutures will take 7 to 14 days to fully heal.